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Calcif Tissue Int. 2009 Jun;84(6):446-52. doi: 10.1007/s00223-009-9247-5. Epub 2009 May 1.

Isokinetic resistance training increases tibial bending stiffness in young women.

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Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 213 War Memorial Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.


Bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) are common but imperfect surrogate measures of bone strength. The mechanical response tissue analyzer is a device that measures long bone bending stiffness (EI), which strongly predicts bone breaking strength. We hypothesized that isokinetic resistance training of the knee flexor and extensor muscles would increase tibial EI, BMC, and BMD in young women. Fifty-two women, aged 18-26 years, performed concentric (CON, n = 30) or eccentric (ECC, n = 22) isokinetic resistance training with the nondominant leg three times per week for 20 weeks. Before and after the training period, subjects were tested for CON and ECC peak torque of the knee flexor and extensor muscles with isokinetic dynamometry, tibial BMC and BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and tibial EI using mechanical response tissue analysis. Both training groups increased CON (15-21%) and ECC (17-31%) peak torque vs. the untrained leg. Tibial EI increased in the entire cohort (26%) and in each training group (CON 34%, ECC 16%) vs. the untrained tibia. Tibial BMC and BMD increased in the trained and untrained tibiae, with no significant differences between limbs. No differential tibial EI or bone mineral outcomes were observed between the CON and ECC training groups. In summary, CON and ECC isokinetic resistance training increased tibial EI, but not BMC or BMD, in young women.

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