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J Med Assoc Thai. 1991 Apr;74(4):181-6.

Motor neurone disease in Thailand: the clinical aspects of 77 patients.

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Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.


This is the first large scale case series of motor neurone disease (MND) in Thailand. Seventy-seven patients were identified between 1978 and 1984 at Siriraj Hospital Medical School, Bangkok, Thailand. Fifty-five patients were male (71.43%) and the mean age of the patients was 51.55 (SD 14.26) years with the range of 17 to 78 years. Clinical classification of MND was categorized as progressive bulbar palsy (PBP), 26 patients (33.77%); amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), 42 patients (54.54%); and progressive spinal atrophy (PSA), 9 patients (11.69%). The mean age of PBP, ALS and PSA were in the order of 57.61 (SD 12.09), 52.81 (SD 11.18), and 28.11 (SD 9.44) years. Progressive spinal atrophy group was younger than PBP and ALS groups significantly at the P-value less than 0.05 by analysis of variance and Duncan tests. Fifty-three patients (72.60%) were resident in Bangkok and the central part of Thailand. The main presenting symptoms were wasting of the small muscles of both hands, leg weakness, and speech and/or swallowing difficulties. These symptoms were found in 62 patients (81.58%). Nearly half of the patients (48.68%) came to our care within six months of onset, 22.8 per cent presented with asymmetry of motor wasting, while limb and trunk fasciculation was seen in 73.61 per cent. Dysarthria, dysphagia and tongue fasciculation were recorded as 51.32, 48.68, 60.53 per cent respectively. Exaggerated deep tendon reflexes were noted as 65.79 and 80.26 per cent over the upper and lower limbs, while Babinski sign was elicited in only 23.3 per cent of the patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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