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IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2009 Apr;56(4):827-36. doi: 10.1109/TUFFC.2009.1106.

Fabrication and performance of high-frequency composite transducers with triangular-pillar geometry.

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Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.


A single-element, 40-MHz, 3-mm diameter transducer was fabricated with a geometric focus at 9 mm. The transducer was based on a piezo-composite substrate with triangular-shaped composite pillars. The 2-way bandwidth of 50% and impedance magnitude were in agreement with that predicted using finite-element modeling. A one-way radiation pattern was collected using a needle hydrophone. The one-way -3 dB beamwidth at the geometric focus was measured to be 120 microm and the -3 dB depth of field was 2.5 mm. This is in good agreement with the theoretical predictions of 112.5 microm and 2.4 mm. The triangular-pillar composite transducer was then compared with a transducer with square composite pillars with similar volume fraction of active ceramic. A 9.5 dB reduction in the amplitude of the secondary resonance was found for the triangular-pillar composite as well as a 30% gain in the 2-way pulse bandwidth. A 256-element 30-MHz linear array was fabricated as a preliminary investigation into the use of the triangular pillar as the substrate in a high-frequency linear array transducer. In vivo images were generated with both the single-element and linear-array transducers.

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