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Nervenarzt. 2009 Jun;80(6):666-72. doi: 10.1007/s00115-009-2698-0.

[Neurosurgical standards in deep brain stimulation : consensus recommendations of the German Deep Brain Stimulation Association].

[Article in German]

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Universitätsklinik für Stereotaktische Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum A.ö.R., Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Deutschland.


Surgery combining stereotactically guided implantation of brain electrodes in subcortical key structures of the brain with the connection of these brain electrodes to subcutaneously implanted impulse generators is one precondition for the therapeutic application of deep brain stimulation (DBS). During the last 10-15 years minimal requirements concerning this surgery have been formulated, addressing in particular technical equipment and operational procedures and being also in parts supported quantitatively by systematic investigations. Only appropriate patient management, high technical standards and an adequate surgical technique can minimize the frequency of those complications, which are supposed to be directly caused by surgery. High-resolution imaging is the basis for target definition, determination of the surgical approach, documentation of final electrode position and postoperative exclusion of iatrogenic intracerebral haemorrhage. In addition, the quality of treatment planning depends largely on the image processing and viewing possibilities provided by specific planning software. Further issues, for which standards are defined, address electrophysiological and clinical examinations to be performed intraoperatively and general surgical measures, which should be considered during implantation of DBS systems. This review summarizes and evaluates requirements imposed on the aforementioned system components and working steps, taking into consideration data from the literature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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