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Thromb Haemost. 2009 May;101(5):813-7.

Do common prothrombotic mutations influence the risk of cerebral ischaemia in patients with patent foramen ovale? Systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Clinica Neurologica, Università degli Studi di Brescia P.le Spedali Civili, 1 25100 Brescia, Italia.


Conflicting results are available on the association of prothrombotic genetic abnormalities with patent foramen ovale (PFO)-related cerebral ischaemia. We comprehensively sought and identified studies of the association of both the factor V Leiden (FV(G1691A) mutation) and the prothrombin mutation (PT(G20210A) mutation) with PFO-related cerebral ischaemia and did meta-analyses to assess the evidence for such a relation. We analysed data from six eligible studies in 856 cases and 1,001 control subjects. Additional unpublished data from a new series including 463 subjects were also entered into the analysis. The PT(G20210A) variant was significantly associated with PFO-related stroke in comparison with both control subjects (odds ratio [OR] 3.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.22 to 6.66) and non-PFO-associated stroke patients (OR 2.31; 95% CI 1.20 to 4.43), whereas a trend toward an association was observed for the FV(G1691A) mutation (OR 1.18; 95% CI 0.73 to 1.90, compared to control subjects; OR 1.14; 95% CI 0.62 to 2.09, compared to non-PFO-associated stroke patients). The status of carrier of either the FV(G1691A) mutation or the PT(G20210A) variant was associated with a risk for stroke of 1.98 (95% CI 1.38 to 2.83) and 1.62 (95% CI 1.03 to 2.57), as compared to control subjects and non-PFO-associated stroke patients, respectively. Addition of common prothrombotic genetic variants to standard initial screening may contribute to stratifying PFO-associated stroke patients at different risk of ischaemic events and targeting secondary prevention strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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