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Opt Express. 2000 Jun 5;6(12):227-35.

A thin film of short oriented linear Frenkel chains as an optical bistable element.


A numerical study of reflectivity and transmittivity of an ensemble of short oriented linear Frenkel chains, which forms a thin film with a thickness of the order of an optical wavelength, is carried out. The eigenstates of a single chain are considered to be of a collective (excitonic) origin. A distribution of chains over lengths resulting in inhomogeneous broadening of the exciton optical transition is taken into account. We report a bistable behavior of both reflectivity and transmittivity of the film in a spectral domain close to the exciton resonance, caused by saturation of the nonlinear refraction index. Estimates of driving parameters show that thin films of oriented J-aggregates of polymethine dyes deposited on a dielectric substrate seem to be a suitable object for observation of the predicted behavior.

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