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J Physiol. 2009 Jul 1;587(Pt 13):3125-33. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.172171. Epub 2009 Apr 29.

Junctin and the histidine-rich Ca2+ binding protein: potential roles in heart failure and arrhythmogenesis.

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Department of Pharmacology and Cell Biophysics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH 45267-0575, USA.


Contractile dysfunction and ventricular arrhythmias associated with heart failure have been attributed to aberrant sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) cycling. The study of junctin (JCN) and histidine-rich Ca(2+) binding protein (HRC) becomes of particular importance since these proteins have been shown to be critical regulators of Ca(2+) cycling. Specifically, JCN is a SR membrane protein, which is part of the SR Ca(2+) release quaternary structure that also includes the ryanodine receptor, triadin and calsequestrin. Functionally, JCN serves as a bridge between calsequestrin and the Ca(2+) release channel, ryanodine receptor. HRC is a SR luminal Ca(2+) binding protein known to associate with both triadin and the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, and may thus mediate the crosstalk between SR Ca(2+) uptake and release. Indeed, evidence from genetic models of JCN and HRC indicate that they are important in cardiophysiology as alterations in these proteins affect SR Ca(2+) handling and cardiac function. In addition, downregulation of JCN and HRC may contribute to Ca(2+) cycling perturbations manifest in the failing heart, where their protein levels are significantly reduced. This review examines the roles of JCN and HRC in SR Ca(2+) cycling and their potential significance in heart failure.

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