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Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2009 Oct;27(8):449-52. doi: 10.1016/j.eimc.2008.12.009. Epub 2009 Apr 29.

[Prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis A and B in HIV-1-infected children and adolescents].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Madrid, España. mfndezibieta2@hotmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Patients coinfected with HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV) have a higher risk of developing chronic HBV infection and a higher risk of hepatotoxicity. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) in HIV-infected patients may require antiretroviral treatment interruption, producing prolonged viremia. In this study, we assess the prevalence of protective antibodies in these patients.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of IgG antibodies against HAV and antibody against HBs (anti-HBs) in a cohort of 121 HIV-infected children and adolescents (1-19 years), followed-up in 4 public hospitals in Madrid (Spain).

RESULTS:

Among the total, 12.4% (95% CI: 7.1-19.6%) of children and adolescents had positive serology for HAV. Children of immigrant origin presented a higher percentage than children born in Spain: 50% vs. 6.2%, respectively (P<0.001). In addition, 16.5% (95% CI: 10.4-24.3) of the study population had protective anti-HBs. A higher percentage of children with anti-HBs antibodies was seen in CDC clinical category A: 20% vs. 16% of those in clinical category B vs. 9.4% of those in clinical category C (P=0.19). The percentage of positive-positive children progressively decreased according to the years elapsed since HBV vaccination.

DISCUSSION:

Most HIV-infected children and adolescents have no protective antibodies against natural infection by HBV and HAV. More studies are needed to define the best vaccination strategy to achieve a higher percentage of patients protected against these infections.

PMID:
19403205
DOI:
10.1016/j.eimc.2008.12.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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