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Anal Quant Cytol Histol. 2009 Apr;31(2):101-8.

Comparative genomic hybridization-based oncogenetic tree model for genetic classification of breast cancer.

Author information

1
Institute of Pathology, University Hospital "Carl Gustav Carus" Dresden, Germany. katrin.friedrich@uniklinikum-dresden.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe a genetic progression pathway in breast cancer by a maximum likelihood-based tree model representing the dependencies between chromosomal imbalances.

STUDY DESIGN:

One hundred six cases were studied by comparative genomic hybridization, followed by maximum likelihood estimation of an oncogenetic tree model.

RESULTS:

The tree model identified 3 clusters with correlated chromosomal imbalances. The first cluster included losses at 4q, 5q, 6q, 9p, 13q and a gain at 17q; the second cluster included gains at 1q, 8q, 16p and 20q; the third cluster included losses at 8p, 11q, 16q and 18q. The imbalances nearest the root of the tree were the loss at 13q (cluster 1), the gain at 1q (cluster 2) and the loss at 18q (cluster 3), reflecting an early change in breast cancer evolution. Cox regression analysis revealed the tumor stage and the grade as relevant for overall survival (p = 0.001) and the tumor stage, the grade and the loss at 16q as relevant for disease-free survival (p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Methods like oncogenetic tree analysis provide insights into the genetic progression of breast cancer and may extract relevant markers detected by screening methods like comparative genomic hybridization for further studies.

PMID:
19402387
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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