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J Pediatr Health Care. 2009 May-Jun;23(3):173-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2008.07.002. Epub 2008 Aug 23.

Use of continuous insulin infusion pumps in young children with type 1 diabetes: a systematic review.

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Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY, USA.



Although insulin pump therapy has been successful in adults and adolescents, its use has been limited in young children because of perceived risk of severe or frequent hypoglycemia. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in young children with type 1 diabetes.


We searched Medline, PubMed, and CINAHL for clinical trials comparing multiple-dose injection therapy to CSII therapy in children 6 years of age or younger who were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at least 6 months prior to study. Primary outcome measures were glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and hypoglycemic episodes. Other outcomes of interest were quality of life and parental satisfaction.


Most studies showed significant improvements in HbA1c and trends of decreased hypoglycemia. Quality of life improved in most CSII groups. Parental satisfaction with therapy was evidenced by continuation of CSII after study completion.


Current evidence indicates CSII is a safe and effective method of insulin delivery in young children. When parents are highly motivated, CSII should be offered as a mode of insulin delivery for this age group.

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