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J Acoust Soc Am. 1991 Sep;90(3):1398-404.

Human brain-stem auditory evoked responses obtained by cross correlation to trains of clicks, noise bursts, and tone bursts.

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  • 1Department of Communication Disorders, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215.


Brain-stem auditory evoked responses (BAERs) were obtained in eight normal-hearing young adults. Stimuli included clicks, noise bursts, and tone bursts. Tone bursts included carrier frequencies of 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz. All stimuli were presented at 60 dB nHL. BAERs were obtained by presenting stimuli in pseudorandom trains, called maximum length sequences (MLSs). BAERs were recovered by cross correlating the responses with a recovery sequence. MLS-BAERs were obtained with minimum pulse intervals (MPIs) of 6, 4, and 2 ms. Conventional BAERs were also obtained for stimuli presented at a rate of 30 Hz. BAERs were obtained for all stimuli, for both the conventional averaging technique and for the cross-correlation technique. BAERs were observed for MPIs as short as 2 ms for all stimuli. Wave V was the only peak consistently identifiable for these stimuli. For all stimuli, wave V latency increased and wave V amplitude decreased with decreasing MPI. This is the first demonstration of the use of maximum length sequences combined with cross correlation to obtain BAERs to noise burst and tone burst stimuli.

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