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Can J Anaesth. 2009 Jun;56(6):437-42. doi: 10.1007/s12630-009-9092-z. Epub 2009 Apr 25.

Obstetric hemorrhage during an EXIT procedure for severe fetal airway obstruction.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia (MC:5640), Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. ajbut@stanford.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report a case of massive obstetric hemorrhage occurring during Cesarean delivery for an ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure. Methods to optimize the anesthetic, obstetric, and perinatal management are discussed.

CLINICAL FEATURES:

A healthy parturient underwent an urgent EXIT procedure at 32 weeks gestation for a giant fetal neck mass. During the intraoperative period, severe intraoperative hemorrhage occurred from the site of the uterine incision. No evidence of placental bleeding, premature placental separation, or inadequate uterine relaxation was observed during the perioperative period. Placement of a uterine stapling device was unsuccessful in achieving adequate surgical hemostasis. Initial attempts with laryngoscopy and rigid bronchoscopy to secure the fetal airway on placental support were unsuccessful, and early termination of placental support was deemed necessary due to the severity of maternal blood loss. After full delivery of the neonate and termination of placental support, neonatal ventilation with bag-mask ventilation was achieved and successful endotracheal intubation occurred during repeat bronchoscopy.

CONCLUSIONS:

The risk of obstetric hemorrhage due to uterine relaxation and inadequate surgical hemostasis in patients undergoing EXIT procedures is poorly reported. To reduce adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, the premature termination of placental support during EXIT procedures may be required in the setting of severe obstetric hemorrhage.

PMID:
19396506
DOI:
10.1007/s12630-009-9092-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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