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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009 Jun;144(2):173-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.03.012. Epub 2009 Apr 24.

Deep venous thrombosis in gynecological oncology: incidence and clinical symptoms study.

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1
University of Tennessee - West Clinic, 1588 Union Avenue, Memphis, TN 38104, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Cancer patients have increased risks of leg deep venous thrombosis (DVT). We studied the incidence, risk factors and most predictive symptoms of leg DVT in gynecologic oncology patients.

STUDY DESIGNS:

Gynecologic oncology patients with any leg DVT symptoms were recruited and screened using Doppler sonogram. All hospitalized surgery and non-ambulating patients received thigh-high sequential compression devices (SCDs) without heparin as a prophylactic method against thrombosis. Statistical analysis was done using chi-square or Fisher's exact tests.

RESULTS:

Out of 1974 patients, 134 complained of lower limb symptoms. Doppler studies found 38 patients with leg DVT. Incidence of leg DVT was 36/853 (4.2%) in patients with cancer and 2/1121 (0.2%) in patients without cancer (odds ratio 2.8 with a diagnosis of cancer). Leg edema, erythema, fever, and warm leg were significant symptoms in diagnosing leg DVT (p<0.01). The cost of finding a leg DVT was $747.54.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clinical exam is less accurate than Doppler sonogram in diagnosing leg DVT. The incidence of leg DVT using SCD seems to be comparable with other studies. Finally, the cost of identifying leg DVT seems reasonable.

PMID:
19394127
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.03.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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