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Siva-1 promotes K-48 polyubiquitination of TRAF2 and inhibits TCR-mediated activation of NF-kappaB.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Abstract

The proapoptotic protein Siva-1 plays an important role in some of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis signaling pathways in cancer cells. Previously, we showed that Siva-1 inhibited the activity of the prosurvival transcription factor NF-kappaB. In the present study, upon TCR cross-linking of Jurkat T leukemia cells, we demonstrated that the inhibitory target of Siva-1 is upstream of the IKK complex in the NF-kappaB signaling pathway. Additionally, Siva-1 also suppressed the activity of another crucial transcription factor AP-1, and a common mediator of both these pathways is the adaptor protein TRAF2. Further, we observed that Siva-1 indeed interacted with TRAF2 and negatively regulated its activity by promoting K48-hnked polyubiquitination. Siva-1 specifically interacted with the ring finger domain of TRAF2, which is essential for its E3 hgase activity and its ability to subsequently activate NF-kappaB. TCR cross-linking of Jurkat T cells that lacked Siva-1 revealed significantly lowered K48- but elevated K63-ubiquitinated TRAF2 levels upon TCR cross-linking, suggesting that the differential pattern of ubiquitination in these cells essentially contributed to a robust and sustained activation of NF-kappaB. The above results demonstrated an important role for endogenous Siva-1 in negatively regulating NF-kappaB activation by targeting TRAF2.

PMID:
19392652
PMCID:
PMC4450717
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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