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Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Apr 10;102(14):144101. Epub 2009 Apr 10.

Dissipation-induced coherent structures in Bose-Einstein condensates.

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1
Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Complexo Interdisciplinar, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, Lisboa 1649-003, Portugal.

Abstract

We discuss how to engineer the phase and amplitude of a complex order parameter using localized dissipative perturbations. Our results are applied to generate and control various types of atomic nonlinear matter waves (solitons) by means of localized dissipative defects.

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