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Eat Disord. 2009 May-Jun;17(3):187-99. doi: 10.1080/10640260902848477.

The relationship between anabolic androgenic steroids and muscle dysmorphia: a review.

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1
Department of Mental Health, St. George's University of London, 43 Broadwater Road, Tooting, London SW17 0DU, UK. M0100862@sgul.ac.uk

Abstract

This review explores the condition of muscle dysmorphia (MD) and its relationship with anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). Particular emphasis is placed upon whether anabolic steroids are a predisposing, precipitating or perpetuating factor of MD. Furthermore, psychiatric complications of AAS abuse are examined. The current evidence from the literature suggests that AAS (ab)use is possibly a perpetuating factor in the evolution of MD. Psychiatric complications of AAS include mood and behavior changes, perceptual abnormalities, and withdrawal symptoms. In addition, there appears to be a credible dependence theory to AAS in fruition.

PMID:
19391018
DOI:
10.1080/10640260902848477
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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