Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
PLoS One. 2009;4(4):e5302. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005302. Epub 2009 Apr 23.

Lung cancer susceptibility model based on age, family history and genetic variants.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Auckland Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. roberty@adhb.govt.nz

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epidemiological and pedigree studies suggest that lung cancer results from the combined effects of age, smoking, impaired lung function and genetic factors. In a case control association study of healthy smokers and lung cancer cases, we identified genetic markers associated with either susceptibility or protection to lung cancer.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

We screened 157 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in a discovery cohort of 439 subjects (200 controls and 239 lung cancer cases) and identified 30 SNPs associated with either the healthy smokers (protective) or lung cancer (susceptibility) phenotype. After genotyping this 30 SNP panel in a validation cohort of 491 subjects (248 controls and 207 lung cancers) and, using the same protective and susceptibility genotypes from our discovery cohort, a 20 SNP panel was selected based on replication of SNP associations in the validation cohort. Following multivariate logistic regression analyses, including the selected SNPs from runs 1 and 2, we found age and family history of lung cancer to be significantly and independently associated with lung cancer. Numeric scores were assigned to both the SNP and demographic data, and combined to form a simple algorithm of risk.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Significant differences in the distribution of the lung cancer susceptibility score was found between normal controls and lung cancer cases, which remained after accounting for differences in lung function. Validation in other case-control and prospective cohorts are underway to further define the potential clinical utility of this model.

PMID:
19390575
PMCID:
PMC2668761
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0005302
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center