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J Biochem. 1991 Jul;110(1):75-87.

The primary structure of skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain: IV. Sequence of the rod, and the complete 1,938-residue sequence of the heavy chain.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Nagasaki University School of Medicine.


In the preceding paper [Maita, T., Miyanishi, T., Matsuzono, K., Tanioka, Y., & Matsuda, G. (1991) J. Biochem. 110, 68-74], we reported the amino-terminal 837-residue sequence of the heavy chain of adult chicken pectoralis muscle myosin. This paper describes the carboxyl terminal 1,097-residue sequence and the linkage of the two sequences. Rod obtained by digesting myosin filaments with alpha-chymotrypsin was redigested with the protease at high KCl concentration, and two fragments, subfragment-2 and light meromyosin, were isolated and sequenced by conventional methods. The linkage of the two fragments was deduced from the sequence of an overlapping peptide obtained by cleaving the rod with cyanogen bromide. The rod contained 1,039 amino acid residues, but lacked the carboxyl-terminal 58 residues of the heavy chain. A carboxyl-terminal 63-residue peptide obtained by cleaving the whole heavy chain with cyanogen bromide was sequenced. Thus, the carboxyl terminal 1,097-residue sequence of the heavy chain was completed. The linkage of subfragment-1 and the rod was deduced from the sequence of an overlapping peptide between the two which was obtained by cleaving heavy meromyosin with cyanogen bromide. Comparing the sequence of the adult myosin thus determined with that of chicken embryonic myosin reported by Molina et al. [Molina, M.I., Kropp, K.E., Gulick, J., & Robbins, J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 6478-6488], we found that the sequence homology is 94%.

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