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J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2008 Apr-Jun;20(2):14-6.

Clinical outcome in measles patients hospitalized with complications.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan. dr_anisrehman@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Measles is a highly communicable viral illness and is common cause of childhood mortality and morbidity. Keeping in view the high prevalence of measles in the developing world, we carried out this study to look into the complicated measles cases and clinical outcome in patients admitted in children ward of Ayub Teaching Hospital.

METHODS:

Detailed history and physical examination of all the hospitalized patients with complication of measles were recorded in a proforma. Immunization and nutritional status of each admitted patient was assessed and the clinical outcome of measles was compared with demographic profile.

RESULT:

One hundred thirty six hospitalized patients with complications of measles were studied. There was 60.3% male and 57.3% of patients were vaccinated against measles. Malnourished patients were 71.35% and had longer hospital stay (> 5 days). Pneumonia (39.7%) and diarrhoea (38.2%) were the commonest complications. Seven children died and encephalitis (57.1%) was the commonest cause of death.

CONCLUSION:

The most common complications of measles are pneumonia and diarrhoea with dehydration requiring admission. Malnutrition results in more complications and longer hospital stay. Mortality is significantly associated with encephalitis.

PMID:
19385448
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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