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Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 May;18(5):1461-7. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0917. Epub 2009 Apr 21.

Genetic polymorphisms in the catechol estrogen metabolism pathway and breast cancer risk.

Author information

1
University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109, USA. kreding@u.washington.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in genes within the catechol estrogen metabolism pathway altered the risk of breast cancer alone or in combination, as well as whether menopausal hormone therapy modified the effect of these SNPs on breast cancer risk.

METHODS:

In a population-based case-control study of breast cancer, 891 cases and 878 controls were genotyped for six functional SNPs in the COMT, CYP1B1, GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 genes.

RESULTS:

Women homozygous with the T allele in CYP1B1*2 (Ser(119); rs1056827) were at 1.69 (95% confidence interval, 1.17-2.46) times the risk of women homozygous with the G allele; women homozygous with the G allele in GSTP1 (Val(105); rs1695) were at 0.73 (95% confidence interval, 0.54-0.99) times the risk of breast cancer compared with women homozygous with the A allele. No other SNPs tested were associated with breast cancer to any appreciable degree. Potential gene-gene and gene-hormone therapy interactions were investigated.

CONCLUSION:

With the exception of GSTP1 and possibly CYP1B1*2, our findings do not provide support for the role of genetic variation in the catechol estrogen metabolism pathway and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women.

Comment in

PMID:
19383894
PMCID:
PMC2764317
DOI:
10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0917
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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