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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Jun 19;384(1):32-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.04.044. Epub 2009 Apr 18.

Apical localization of PMCA2w/b is lipid raft-dependent.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Alternative splicing of the first intracellular loop differentially targets plasma membrane calcium ATPase (PMCA) isoform 2 to the apical or basolateral membrane in MDCK cells. To determine if the targeting is affected by lipid interactions, we stably expressed PMCA2w/b and PMCA2z/b in MDCK cells, and analyzed the PMCA distribution by confocal fluorescence microscopy and membrane fractionation. PMCA2w/b showed clear apical and lateral distribution, whereas PMCA2z/b was mainly localized to the basolateral membrane. A significant fraction of PMCA2w/b partitioned into low-density membranes associated with lipid rafts. Depletion of membrane cholesterol by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin resulted in reduced lipid raft association and a striking loss of PMCA2w/b from the apical membrane, whereas the lateral localization of PMCA2z/b remained unchanged. Our data indicate that alternative splicing differentially affects the lipid interactions of PMCA2w/b and PMCA2z/b and that the apical localization of PMCA2w/b is lipid raft-dependent and sensitive to cholesterol depletion.

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