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Methods Mol Biol. 2009;536:139-48. doi: 10.1007/978-1-59745-542-8_16.

Transfer and multiplex immunoblotting of a paraffin embedded tissue.

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National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA.


In the functional proteome era, the proteomic profiling of clinicopathologic annotated tissues is an essential step for mining and evaluations of candidate biomarkers for disease. Previously, application of routine proteomic methodologies to clinical tissue specimens has provided unsatisfactory results. Multiplex tissue immunoblotting is a method of transferring proteins from a formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue section to a stack of membranes which can be applied to a conventional immunoblotting method. A single tissue section can be transferred to up to ten membranes, each of which is probed with antibodies and detected with fluorescent tags. By this approach, total protein and target signals can be simultaneously determined on each membrane; hence each antibody is internally normalized. Phosphorylation-specific antibodies as well as antibodies that do not readily work well with paraffin-embedded tissue are applicable to the membranes, expanding the menu of antibodies that can be utilized with formalin-fixed tissue. This novel platform can provide quantitative detection retaining histomorphologic detail in clinical samples and has great potential to facilitate discovery and development of new diagnostic assays and therapeutic agents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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