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Ophthalmology. 2009 Jun;116(6):1093-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2008.12.053. Epub 2009 Apr 19.

Survey of conflict-of-interest disclosure policies of ophthalmology journals.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To survey the disclosure policy for authors, peer reviewers, and editors in English-language ophthalmology journals.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional survey.

PARTICIPANTS:

English-language ophthalmology journals.

METHODS:

All indexed English-language ophthalmology journals were identified. The journals' websites were reviewed for published conflict-of-interest disclosure policies for authors, peer reviewers, and editors. In cases where no policy was found, the journal's editor was contacted directly to confirm if a policy existed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The existence of conflict-of-interest policy for authors, peer reviewers, and editors.

RESULTS:

Forty-two English-language ophthalmology journals were identified. Web-based published conflict-of-interest policies were found for authors in 33 (79%), for peer reviewers in 3 (7%), and for editors in 2 (5%) of the 42 journals. After contacting those journals with no published policies, these numbers increased to 37 (100%) of 37 for authors, 18 (60%) of 30 for peer reviewers, and 10 (33%) of 30 for editors. Seven journals with published disclosure policies for authors, but not for peer reviewers or editors, did not respond to the survey, and a further 5 journals without any published disclosure policy did not respond to the survey. Journals with a higher impact factor were more likely to have a web-based published disclosure policy for peer reviewers and a disclosure policy for editors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Most English-language ophthalmology journals have a conflict-of-interest policy for authors; however, they are not publicly available in 21% of journals. Conflict-of-interest policies for peer reviewers and editors are less common and are more likely not to be published compared with those for authors.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S):

The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.

PMID:
19376583
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2008.12.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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