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Acta Biomater. 2009 Sep;5(7):2647-56. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2009.03.020. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Ascorbate-apatite composite and ascorbate-FGF-2-apatite composite layers formed on external fixation rods and their effects on cell activity in vitro.

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Institute for Human Science and Biomedical Engineering, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Central 6, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan.


Ascorbate-apatite and ascorbate-fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2)-apatite composite layers were successfully formed on anodically oxidized Ti rods clinically used for external fixation by a one-step procedure at 25 degrees C, using a metastable supersaturated calcium phosphate solution supplemented with l-ascorbic acid phosphate magnesium salt n-hydrate (AsMg) and FGF-2. The AsMg-apatite and AsMg-FGF-2-apatite composite layers were evaluated in vitro using fibroblastic NIH3T3 and osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. The AsMg-FGF-2-apatite composite layer markedly enhanced the NIH3T3 cell proliferation and procollagen type capital I, Ukrainian gene expression. Without FGF-2, the AsMg-apatite composite layer whose ascorbate content was 3.64+/-1.27microgcm(-2) obviously enhanced osteoblastic proliferation and differentiation. However, the AsMg-FGF-2-apatite composite layers whose FGF-2 contents were from 0.15+/-0.03 to 0.31+/-0.04microgcm(-2) inhibited osteoblastic differentiation in vitro. Thus, the AsMg-FGF-2-apatite composite layer should be precipitated on the surface of external fixators attached to skin and soft tissue. On the other hand, the AsMg-apatite composite layer should be precipitated at the part attached to bone tissue.

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