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Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 May 15;17(10):3733-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2009.03.034. Epub 2009 Mar 25.

Structure-activity relationships of truncated adenosine derivatives as highly potent and selective human A3 adenosine receptor antagonists.

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Department of Bioinspired Science and Division of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Republic of Korea.


On the basis of potent and selective binding affinity of truncated 4'-thioadenosine derivatives at the human A(3) adenosine receptor (AR), their bioisosteric 4'-oxo derivatives were designed and synthesized from commercially available 2,3-O-isopropylidene-D-erythrono lactone. The derivatives tested in AR binding assays were substituted at the C2 and N(6) positions. All synthesized nucleosides exhibited potent and selective binding affinity at the human A(3) AR. They were less potent than the corresponding 4'-thio analogues, but showed still selective to other subtypes. The 2-Cl series generally were better than the 2-H series in view of binding affinity and selectivity. Among compounds tested, compound 5d (X=Cl, R=3-bromobenzyl) showed the highest binding affinity (K(i)=13.0+/-6.9 nM) at the hA(3) AR with high selectivity (at least 88-fold) in comparison to other AR subtypes. Like the corresponding truncated 4'-thio series, compound 5d antagonized the action of an agonist to inhibit forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase in hA(3) AR-expressing CHO cells. Although the 4'-oxo series were less potent than the 4'-thio series, this class of human A(3) AR antagonists is also regarded as another good template for the design of A(3) AR antagonists and for further drug development.

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