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Clin Chest Med. 2009 Jun;30(2):315-35, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2009.02.008.

Noninvasive pulmonary Aspergillus infections.

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Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


Aspergillus can cause several forms of pulmonary disease ranging from colonization to invasive aspergillosis and largely depends on the underlying lung and immune function of the host. This article reviews the clinical presentation, diagnosis, pathogenesis, and treatment of noninvasive forms of Aspergillus infection, including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), aspergilloma, and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). ABPA is caused by a hypersensitivity reaction to Aspergillus species and is most commonly seen in patients who have asthma or cystic fibrosis. Aspergillomas, or fungus balls, can develop in previous areas of cavitary lung disease, most commonly from tuberculosis. CPA has also been termed semi-invasive aspergillosis and usually occurs in patients who have underlying lung disease or mild immunosuppression.

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