Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Biol. 2009 May 26;19(10):874-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.03.064. Epub 2009 Apr 16.

The shelterin protein TRF2 inhibits Chk2 activity at telomeres in the absence of DNA damage.

Author information

Department of Experimental Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan 20133, Italy.


The shelterin complex [1] shapes and protects telomeric DNA from being processed as double strand breaks (DSBs) [2, 3]. Here we show that in human undamaged cells, a fraction of the kinase Chk2, a downstream target of ATM and mediator of checkpoint responses and senescence [4, 5], physically interacts with the shelterin subunit TRF2 and colocalizes with this complex at chromosome ends. This interaction, enhanced by TRF2 binding to telomeric DNA, inhibits the activation and senescence-induced function of Chk2 by a mechanism in which TRF2 binding to the N terminus of Chk2 surrounding Thr68 hinders the phosphorylation of this priming site. In response to radiation-induced DSBs, but not chromatin-remodelling agents, the telomeric Chk2-TRF2 binding dissociates in a Chk2 activity-dependent manner. Moreover, active Chk2 phosphorylates TRF2 and decreases its binding to telomeric DNA repeats, corroborating the evidences on the specific TRF2 relocalization in presence of DSBs [6]. Altogether, the capacity of TRF2 to locally repress Chk2 provides an additional level of control by which shelterin restrains the DNA damage response from an unwanted activation [6, 7] and may explain why TRF2 overexpression acts as a telomerase-independent oncogenic stimulus [8].

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center