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Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 May 21;610(1-3):61-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.01.045. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7 (IGFBP7) blocks vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis in human vascular endothelial cells.

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Department of Endocrine Pharmacology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Horinouchi 1432-1, Hachioji, Tokyo, 192-0392, Japan.


Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7 (IGFBP7) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are expressed in vascular endothelial cells in several tumor types. In this study, we examined the effect of IGFBP7 on VEGF-induced tube formation in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and its potential action in the modulation of VEGF signaling in vascular cells. IGFBP7 treatment suppressed VEGF-induced tube formation, proliferation, and the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 in HUVECs. IGFBP7 attenuated VEGF-enhanced cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and VEGF mRNA expression, and prostaglandin E(2) secretion. Knocking down endogenous IGFBP7 enhanced COX-2 and VEGF mRNA expression. A significant increase in IGFBP7-induced caspases was not observed in the presence of VEGF. These findings indicate that IGFBP7 can modulate the stimulatory effect of VEGF on angiogenesis by interfering with VEGF expression as well as VEGF signaling and not by inducing apoptosis.

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