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Am J Public Health. 2009 Nov;99 Suppl 3:S675-80. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.137810. Epub 2009 Apr 16.

The health impact of supportive housing for HIV-positive homeless patients: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
John Stroger Hospital of Cook County (formerly Cook County Hospital), Chicago, IL, and Rush University, Chicago, USA. dbuchanan@eriefamilyhealth.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We assessed the health impact of a housing and case management program, the Chicago Housing for Health Partnership, for homeless people with HIV.

METHODS:

HIV-positive homeless inpatients at a public hospital (n = 105) were randomized to usual care or permanent housing with intensive case management. The primary outcome was survival with intact immunity, defined as CD4 count > or = 200 and viral load < 100,000. Secondary outcomes were viral loads, undetectable viral loads, and CD4 counts.

RESULTS:

Outcomes were available for 94 of 105 enrollees (90%). Of 54 intervention participants, 35 (65%) reached permanent housing in program housing agencies. After 1 year, 55% of the intervention and 34% of the usual care groups were alive and had intact immunity (P = .04). Seventeen intervention (36%) and 9 usual care (19%) participants had undetectable viral loads (P = .051). Median viral loads were 0.89 log lower in the intervention group (P = .03). There were no statistical differences in CD4 counts.

CONCLUSIONS:

Homelessness is a strong predictor of poor health outcomes and complicates the medical management of HIV. This housing intervention improved the health of HIV-positive homeless people.

PMID:
19372524
PMCID:
PMC2774195
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2008.137810
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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