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Gene. 1991 Sep 15;105(2):221-7.

Cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding mouse indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase.

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Department of Cell Biology, Osaka Bioscience Institute, Suita, Japan.


The depletion of an essential amino acid (aa), tryptophan, caused by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-mediated induction of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in mouse allografted tumor cells, has been suggested as a reason for the allograft rejection. To elucidate the mechanism of this IDO induction, attempts were made to isolate cDNA clones encoding mouse IDO. In seven of 25 mouse cell lines, IDO was induced by IFN-gamma, and the highest IDO induction was observed in the case of rectal cancer (CMT-93) cells, which were further stimulated two- to threefold by the simultaneous addition of dibutyryl cyclic AMP (Bt2cAMP). A cDNA library was prepared from poly(A)+ RNA isolated from CMT-93 cells treated with IFN-gamma/Bt2cAMP. The cDNA clones were isolated using the cDNA encoding human IDO as a probe. The mouse IDO cDNA encodes a 407-aa protein with an Mr of 45,639. The deduced aa sequence agreed with partial aa sequences derived from endopeptidase digestion of purified mouse IDO and revealed 61% homology with that of human IDO. Transient expression of the mouse IDO cDNA in COS-7 cells yielded a high level of IDO activity in the cells. Northern hybridization analysis of RNA in CMT-93 cells indicated that IFN-gamma induced the IDO mRNA, and that the level of RNA was increased by simultaneous addition of Bt2cAMP, while Bt2cAMP itself had no effect on mRNA induction.

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