Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 May;104(5):1262-70. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2009.58. Epub 2009 Apr 14.

Long-term outcome of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction adult patients requiring home parenteral nutrition.

Author information

1
Pôle des maladies de l'appareil digestif, Service de gastroentérologie et d'assistance nutritive, Université Paris 7, AP-HP, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare, disabling disorder responsible for motility-related intestinal failure. Because it induces malnutrition, CIPO is a significant indication for home parenteral nutrition (HPN). The objective of the study was to evaluate long-term outcome of CIPO patients requiring HPN during adulthood.

METHODS:

In total, 51 adult CIPO patients (18 men/33 women, median age at symptom occurrence 20 (0-74) years, 34/17 primary/secondary CIPO) followed up at our institution for HPN management between 1980 and 2006 were retrospectively studied for survival and HPN dependence rates using univariate and multivariate analysis.

RESULTS:

Follow-up after diagnosis was 8.3 (0-29) years. Surgery was required in 84% of patients. The number of interventions was 3 +/- 3 per patient (mean +/- s.d.), leading to short bowel syndrome in 19 (37%) patients. Actuarial survival probability was 94, 78, 75, and 68% at 1, 5, 10, and 15 years, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that lower mortality was associated with the ability to restore oral feeding at baseline (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.2 (0.06-0.65), P = 0.008) and symptom occurrence before the age of 20 years (HR=0.18 (0.04-0.88), P = 0.03). Higher mortality was associated with systemic sclerosis (HR=10.4 (1.6-67.9), P = 0.01). Actuarial HPN dependence was 94, 75, and 72% at 1, 2, and 5 years, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this large cohort of CIPO adult patients with severe intestinal failure, i.e., those requiring HPN, we found a higher survival probability than previously reported. These results should be taken into account when considering intestinal transplantation.

PMID:
19367271
DOI:
10.1038/ajg.2009.58
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center