Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2009 Jul;9(1):74-8. doi: 10.1510/icvts.2009.203190. Epub 2009 Apr 14.

Long-term functional results after surgical treatment of parapneumonic thoracic empyema.

Author information

1
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Policlinico di Modena, Largo del Pozzo 71, 41100 Modena, Italy.

Abstract

Retrospective evaluation of long-term functional results of surgical treatment of chronic pleural empyema. Two different surgical procedures (debridement vs. decortication) and approaches (VATS vs. thoracotomy) were analyzed. Three end-points were considered: short-term surgical results, short- and long-term radiological results, clinico-functional long-term results. Fifty-one debridement (52% VATS, 48% thoracotomy) and 68 decortication were performed. Postoperative mortality and morbidity were 1.5% and 24%, respectively. Older age (>70 years old) had worse postoperative morbidity (P=0.048). Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) debridement had lower postoperative hospital stay (P=0.006) and shorter duration of chest drainage (P=0.006). The infectious process was resolved in all patients. All patients presented a postoperative radiological improvement, 63 patients (60%) with a complete pulmonary re-expansion. Sixty patients (58%) referred a complete respiratory recovery. VATS debridement had a greater improvement in subjective dyspnea degree (P=0.041). The long-term spirometric evaluation was normal in 58 patients (56%). Age >70 years old resulted the only variable associated to poor long-term results (FEV(1)% < 60% and/or MRC grade > or = 2) at multivariate analysis. Surgical treatment of pleural empyema achieves excellent long-term respiratory outcomes. VATS is associated to less postoperative mortality and shorter postoperative hospital stay. In elderly patients, postoperative morbidity could be higher and long-term functional improvement less warranted.

PMID:
19366725
DOI:
10.1510/icvts.2009.203190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center