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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 May 5;106(18):7361-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0811578106. Epub 2009 Apr 13.

Ancient Egyptian herbal wines.

Author information

1
Museum Applied Science Center for Archaeology, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. mcgovern@sas.upenn.edu

Abstract

Chemical analyses of ancient organics absorbed into pottery jars from the beginning of advanced ancient Egyptian culture, ca. 3150 B.C., and continuing for millennia have revealed that a range of natural products--specifically, herbs and tree resins--were dispensed by grape wine. These findings provide chemical evidence for ancient Egyptian organic medicinal remedies, previously only ambiguously documented in medical papyri dating back to ca. 1850 B.C. They illustrate how humans around the world, probably for millions of years, have exploited their natural environments for effective plant remedies, whose active compounds have recently begun to be isolated by modern analytical techniques.

PMID:
19365069
PMCID:
PMC2678600
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0811578106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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