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Neurology. 2009 Apr 14;72(15):1316-21. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181a110da.

Utilization of TCD screening for primary stroke prevention in children with sickle cell disease.

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1
University of California, San Francisco, Department of Neurology, Box 0114, 505 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0114, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In 1998, the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia showed a >90% reduction in stroke rates after blood transfusion therapy in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) identified as high risk with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) screening.

METHODS:

We studied the utilization of TCD screening in a retrospective cohort of all children with SCD within a large managed care plan from January 1993 to December 2005. Rates of first TCD screening were estimated using life table methods; predictors of TCD were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression. Stroke incidence rates were estimated in person-time before (pre-TCD) and after (post-TCD) first TCD.

RESULTS:

The average annual rate of TCD screening in 157 children with SCD was 1.8 per 100 person-years pre-1998, 5.0 from January 1, 1998, to December 31, 1999, and 11.4 after 1999. The only independent predictor of TCD screening was proximity to the vascular laboratory. The annualized stroke rate pre-TCD was 0.44 per 100 person-years, compared to 0.19 post-TCD.

CONCLUSIONS:

Since the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia, the rate of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) screening in sickle cell disease (SCD) has increased sixfold within a large health care plan. Children living farther from a vascular laboratory are less likely to be screened. Increased availability of TCD screening could improve the utilization of this effective primary stroke prevention strategy.

PMID:
19365052
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181a110da
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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