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J Biochem. 2009 Aug;146(2):219-29. doi: 10.1093/jb/mvp061. Epub 2009 Apr 13.

The peptidoglycan-binding (PGB) domain of the Escherichia coli pal protein can also function as the PGB domain in E. coli flagellar motor protein MotB.

Author information

1
Nagoya University, Furo-Cho, Chikusa-Ku, Japan.

Abstract

The bacterial flagellar stator proteins, MotA and MotB, form a complex and are thought to be anchored to the peptidoglycan by the C-terminal conserved peptidoglycan-binding (PGB) motif of MotB. To clarify the role of the C-terminal region, we performed systematic cysteine mutagenesis and constructed a chimeric MotB protein which was replaced with the peptidoglycan-associated lipoprotein Pal. Although this chimera could not restore motility to a motB strain, we were able to isolate two motile revertants. One was F172V in the Pal region and the other was P159L in the MotB region. Furthermore, we attempted to map the MotB Cys mutations in the crystal structure of Escherichia coli Pal. We found that the MotB mutations that affected motility nearly overlapped with the predicted PG-binding residues of Pal. Our results indicate that, although the functions of MotB and Pal are very different, the PGB region of Pal is interchangeable with the PGB region of MotB.

PMID:
19364805
DOI:
10.1093/jb/mvp061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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