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Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 May 1;17(9):3302-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2009.03.045. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Introduction of non-natural amino acid residues into the substrate-specific P1 position of trypsin inhibitor SFTI-1 yields potent chymotrypsin and cathepsin G inhibitors.

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Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.


A series of trypsin inhibitor SFTI-1compounds modified in substrate-specific P(1) position was synthesized by the solid-phase method. Lys5 present in the wild inhibitor was replaced by Phe derivatives substituted in para position of the phenyl ring, l-pyridylalanine and N-4-nitrobenzylgycine. Their inhibitory activities with bovine alpha-chymotrypsin and cathepsin G were estimated by determination of association equilibrium constants (K(a)). All analogues inhibited bovine alpha-chymotrypsin. The highest inihbitory activity displayed peptides with the fluorine, nitro and methyl substituents. They were 13-15-fold more active than [Phe(5)]SFTI-1 used as a reference. They are the most potent chymotrypsin inhibitors of this size. Substitution of Lys5 by Phe did not change the cathepsin G inhibitory activity. Introduction of Phe(p-F), Phe(p-NH(2)) and Phe(p-CH(3)) in this position retained the affinity towards this proteinase, whereas Phe(p-guanidine) gave an inhibitor more than twice as active, which appeared to be stable in human serum. On the other hand, a peptomeric analogue with N-4-nitrobenzylglycine failed to inhibit cathepsin G. Despite the fact the introduced amino acids were non-coded, the peptide bonds formed by them were hydrolyzed by chymotrypsin. We postulate that additional interaction of para-substitutents with the enzyme are responsible for the enhanced inhibitory activity of the analogues.

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