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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2009 May;15(5):523-36. doi: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2008.12.489. Epub 2009 Feb 12.

Busulfan in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

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1
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

The development of intravenous busulfan (Bu) and its incorporation in the preparative regimens for allogeneic stem cell transplantation has changed transplantation for myelogenous malignancies. Bypassing the oral route to achieve 100% bioavailability translated into improved control over drug administration, with increased safety and reliability of generating therapeutic Bu levels, maximizing antileukemic efficacy. Bu-nucleoside analog-based conditioning chemotherapy, thus far represented by fludarabine (Flu), is becoming the conditioning chemotherapy regimen of choice for patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) at many transplant centers. The use of busulfan Bu-based conditioning is extending rapidly also to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for lymphoid malignancies, genetic diseases, and umbilical cord blood transplantation.

PMID:
19361744
PMCID:
PMC4261695
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbmt.2008.12.489
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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