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Exp Clin Endocrinol. 1991;98(1):42-6.

The effect of physical activity on bone turnover in young adults.

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Center of Rheumatology, Clinic Wendelstein, Bad Aibling, Germany.


Physical activity has been suggested as one of the determinants of bone turnover and to prevent the involutional age related bone loss. However, the degree to which physical exercise is necessary to induce changes in bone turnover and calciotropic hormones have been widely discussed (Williams et al., 1984; Cook et al., 1987; Smith et al., 1985). The aim of this study was to examine the rate of bone formation measured by osteocalcin in 56 healthy volunteers before and after 4 and 8 weeks of physical exercise (PE) and its dependence on various parameters of calcium and phosphate metabolism. The studied group consisting of 44 men and 12 women, mean age 24.8 and 24.3 years, respectively, performed a standardized physical training of 8 weeks. Mean serum osteocalcin levels were significantly (p less than 0.01) reduced after 4 weeks (men: 2.26 +/- 1.8 ng/ml; women: 0.94 +/- 1.6 ng/ml) compared to the values before PE (men: 4.01 +/- 2.18 ng/ml; women: 1.69 +/- 1.7 ng/ml) and returned to normal values after 8 weeks. Similarly, magnesium levels (0.82 mmol/l) decreased significantly (p less than 0.01) after 4 weeks of PE (0.79 mmol/l), returning to normal values after 8 weeks. Concomitantly, there was only a slight, but significant fall of serum calcium from 2.48 +/- 0.07 to 2.45 +/- 0.07 returning to initial values again. Furthermore, serum phosphate increased slightly in men from 1.01 mmol/l to 1.13 and 1.15 mmol/l after 4 and 8 weeks, respectively. In contrast, alkaline phosphatase and serum creatinine remained in the normal range.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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