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J Med Chem. 2009 May 14;52(9):3073-83. doi: 10.1021/jm9000242.

8-(4-Methoxyphenyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]-1,3,5-triazines: selective and centrally active corticotropin-releasing factor receptor-1 (CRF1) antagonists.

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Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., 5 Research Parkway, Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, USA.


This report describes the syntheses and structure-activity relationships of 8-(4-methoxyphenyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]-1,3,5-triazine corticotropin releasing factor receptor-1 (CRF(1)) receptor antagonists. CRF(1) receptor antagonists may be potential anxiolytic or antidepressant drugs. This research culminated in the discovery of analogue 12-3, which is a potent, selective CRF(1) antagonist (hCRF(1) IC(50) = 4.7 +/- 2.0 nM) with weak affinity for the CRF-binding protein and biogenic amine receptors. This compound also has a good pharmacokinetic profile in dogs. Analogue 12-3 is orally effective in two rat models of anxiety: the defensive withdrawal (situational anxiety) model and the elevated plus maze test. Analogue 12-3 has been advanced to clinical trials.

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