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J Cell Physiol. 2009 Aug;220(2):376-81. doi: 10.1002/jcp.21776.

CCL5 secreted by senescent aged fibroblasts induces proliferation of prostate epithelial cells and expression of genes that modulate angiogenesis.

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Department of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA.


There is increased interest in the effects of secretory products from aged cells on promoting both benign and malignant cell growth. We identified a human fibroblast line, AG04382, from an aged donor that naturally demonstrated senescence-associated features and whose conditioned media significantly induced proliferation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH1) cells. Candidate cytokines mediating this effect were identified with protein arrays and validated by ELISA. We found that the AG04382 fibroblast line secreted high levels of CXCL5, CCL5, and CCL2, but relative to the other lines, its conditioned media was unique in its increased expression of CCL5. Blocking studies using specific antibodies against CXCL5, CCL5, and CCL2 in the conditioned media of AG04382 showed that only CCL5 contributed significantly to BPH1 proliferation. Stimulation of BPH1 cells with rhuCCL5 resulted in increased proliferation and migration, as well as significant changes in the expression of genes that influence angiogenesis. These data suggest that CCL5 is a candidate chemokine secreted by aged cells that promotes prostate growth and regulates angiogenesis.

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