Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Biochem. 1991 Nov 15;202(1):191-6.

Specificity of glucose transport in Trypanosoma brucei. Effective inhibition by phloretin and cytochalasin B.

Author information

1
Physiologisch-chemisches Institut, Universität Tübingen, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

Glucose transport in the bloodstream form of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei was characterized by enzymatically measuring the D-glucose uptake. Uptake kinetics showed a concentration-dependent saturable process, typical for a carrier-mediated transport system, with an apparent Km = 0.49 +/- 0.14 mM and Vmax = 252 +/- 43 nmol.min-1.mg cell protein-1 (equal to 2.25 x 10(8) trypanosomes). The specificity of glucose transport was investigated by inhibitor studies. Glucose uptake was shown to be sodium independent; neither the Na+/K(+)-ATPase inhibitor ouabain (1 mM) nor the ionophor monensin (1 microM) inhibited uptake. Transport was also unaffected by the H(+)-ATPase inhibitor N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD; 20 microM) and the uncoupler carbonylcyanide-4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (FCCP; 1 microM). However, highly significant inhibition was obtained with both phloretin (82% at 0.13 mM; Ki = 64 microM) and cytochalasin B (77% at 0.3 mM; Ki = 0.44 mM), and partial inhibition with phlorizin (14% at 0.5 mM; Ki = 3.0 mM). In each case, inhibition was noncompetitive, partially reversible (45%) for phloretin and completely reversible for cytochalasin B and phlorizin. Measurement of the temperature-dependent glucose uptake between 25 degrees C and 37 degrees C resulted in a temperature quotient of Q10 = 1.97 +/- 0.02 and an activation energy of Ea = 52.12 +/- 1.00 kJ/mol for glucose uptake. We conclude that glucose uptake in T. brucei bloodstream forms occurs via a facilitated diffusion system, clearly distinguished from the human erythrocyte-type glucose transporter with about a 10-fold higher affinity for glucose and about a 1000-fold decreased sensitivity to the inhibitor cytochalasin B.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center