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J Neurophysiol. 2009 Jun;101(6):3100-7. doi: 10.1152/jn.91254.2008. Epub 2009 Apr 8.

Direction and contrast tuning of macaque MSTd neurons during saccades.

Author information

1
Visual Sciences Group and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Vision Science, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia 2601.

Abstract

Saccades are rapid eye movements that change the direction of gaze, although the full-field image motion associated with these movements is rarely perceived. The attenuation of visual perception during saccades is referred to as saccadic suppression. The mechanisms that produce saccadic suppression are not well understood. We recorded from neurons in the dorsal medial superior temporal area (MSTd) of alert macaque monkeys and compared the neural responses produced by the retinal slip associated with saccades (active motion) to responses evoked by identical motion presented during fixation (passive motion). We provide evidence for a neural correlate of saccadic suppression and expand on two contentious results from previous studies. First, we confirm the finding that some neurons in MSTd reverse their preferred direction during saccades. We quantify this effect by calculating changes in direction tuning index for a large cell population. Second, it has been noted that neural activity associated with saccades can arrive in the parietal cortex <or=30 ms earlier than activity produced by similar visual stimulation during fixation. This led to the question of whether the saccade-related responses were visual in origin or were motor signals arising from saccade-planning areas of the brain. By comparing the responses to saccades made over textured backgrounds of different contrasts, we provide strong evidence that saccade-related responses were visual in origin. Refinements of the possible models of saccadic suppression are discussed.

PMID:
19357345
PMCID:
PMC2694120
DOI:
10.1152/jn.91254.2008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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