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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2009 Apr 23;73(4):896-900. Epub 2009 Apr 7.

Physiological roles of two dissimilatory nitrate reductases in the deep-sea denitrifier Pseudomonas sp. strain MT-1.

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Department of Chemistry, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, 3-25-40 Sakurajosui, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8550, Japan.


The deep-sea denitrifier Pseudomonas sp. strain MT-1 has two distinct gene clusters encoding dissimilatory nitrate reductases, periplasmic nitrate reductase (Nap) and membrane-bound nitrate reductase (Nar). In order to investigate the physiological roles of these enzymes, we determined the nitrate reductase activity of the soluble and membrane fractions from MT-1 and the type strain of Pseudomonas stutzeri (closely related with MT-1) grown under various conditions. In MT-1, the activities of both fractions were highest when the cells were grown anaerobically in the presence of nitrate under atmospheric pressure. However, the activity of the soluble fraction decreased when the cells were grown under high pressure, whereas that of membrane fraction remained constant. Further, the activity of the soluble fraction decreased when the enzyme reaction was performed at low temperature, although that of membrane fraction was not similarly affected. Additionally, the results of RT-PCR showed that expression of the nar genes was strongly induced under high pressure. In contrast, P. stutzeri(T) showed no such response following a shift in growth pressure. These results suggest that MT-1 possesses a special mechanism for adaptation to the low-temperature and high-pressure environments of the deep sea, and that Nar is the main dissimilatory nitrate reductase in MT-1 in such environments.

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