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Int J Eat Disord. 2010 Apr;43(3):233-40. doi: 10.1002/eat.20688.

Maternal psychopathology and child risk factors in infantile anorexia.

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1
Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Roma, Italy. massimo.ammaniti@uniroma1.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examines a transactional and multirisk model for Infantile Anorexia (IA) and investigates the contributions of the parent, the child, and dyadic interactional variables related to this feeding disorder.

METHOD:

The sample consisted of 371 mother-child pairs (children aged 6-36 months), of which 187 pairs of mothers and normally developing children (ND-group), and 184 mothers and IA children. All dyads were videotaped during feeding; mothers completed questionnaires assessing their psychological profiles and eating attitudes, as well as their children's temperament and emotional/ behavioral functioning.

RESULTS:

Analyses revealed that the IA-group showed higher scores in symptomatic characteristics both of the mother and of the child, and dysfunctional interactions during feeding as compared with the ND-group. Further analyses revealed that both child and maternal characteristics are significant predictors of dyadic interactional conflict.

DISCUSSION:

Results confirm that a multidimensional assessment is critical in the evaluation of IA.

PMID:
19350650
DOI:
10.1002/eat.20688
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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