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Cell Res. 2009 May;19(5):638-50. doi: 10.1038/cr.2009.40.

Crk adaptor protein-induced phosphorylation of Gab1 on tyrosine 307 via Src is important for organization of focal adhesions and enhanced cell migration.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Pathology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, N15, W7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan.

Abstract

Upon growth factor stimulation, the scaffold protein, Gab1, is tyrosine phosphorylated and subsequently the adaptor protein, Crk, transmits signals from Gab1. We have previously shown that Crk overexpression, which is detectable in various human cancers, induces tyrosine phosphorylation of Gab1 without extracellular stimuli. In the present study, the underlying mechanisms were further investigated. Mutational analyses of CrkII demonstrated that the SH2 domain, but not the SH3(N) or the regulatory Y221 residue of CrkII, is critical for the induction of Gab1-Y307 phosphorylation. SH2 mutation of CrkII also decreased the interaction with Gab1. In GST pull-down assay, Crk-SH2 bound to wild-type Gab1, whereas Crk-SH3(N) interacted with the Gab1 mutant, which lacks the clustered tyrosine region (residues 242-410). Tyrosine phosphorylation of Gab1 was induced by all Crk family proteins, but not other SH2-containing signalling adaptors. Src-family kinase inhibitor, PP2, abrogates Crk-induced tyrosine phosphorylations of Gab1. Y307 phosphorylation was undetectable in fibroblasts lacking Src, Yes, and Fyn, even upon overexpression of Crk, whereas cells lacking only Yes and Fyn still contained Gab1 with phosphorylated Y307. Furthermore, Crk induced the phosphorylation of Src-Y416; accordingly the interaction between Crk and Csk was increased. The Gab1-Y307F mutant failed to localize near the plasma membrane even upon HGF stimulation and decreased cell migration. Moreover, Gab1-Y307F disturbed the localization of Crk, FAK, and paxillin, which are the typical components of focal adhesions. Taken together, these results indicate that Crk facilitates tyrosine phosphorylation of Gab1-Y307 through Src, contributing to the organization of focal adhesions and enhanced cell migration, thereby possibly promoting human cancer development.

PMID:
19350053
DOI:
10.1038/cr.2009.40
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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