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J Clin Oncol. 2009 Jun 20;27(18):2954-61. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.17.7618. Epub 2009 Apr 6.

Phase II study of eribulin mesylate, a halichondrin B analog, in patients with metastatic breast cancer previously treated with an anthracycline and a taxane.

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Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Division of Hematology/Oncology, New York, NY 10021, USA.



Eribulin mesylate (E7389), a nontaxane microtubule dynamics inhibitor, is a structurally simplified, synthetic analog of the marine natural product halichondrin B. This open-label, single-arm, phase II study evaluated efficacy and tolerability of eribulin in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).


MBC patients who were previously treated with an anthracycline and a taxane received eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m(2)) as a 2- to 5-minute intravenous (IV) infusion on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Because of neutropenia (at day 15), an alternative regimen of eribulin on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle was administered. The primary end point was overall response rate.


Of the 103 patients treated, the median number of prior chemotherapy regimens was four (range, one to 11 regimens). In the per-protocol population (n = 87), eribulin achieved an independently reviewed objective response rate (all partial responses [PRs]) of 11.5% (95% CI, 5.7 to 20.1) and a clinical benefit rate (PR plus stable disease > or = 6 months) of 17.2% (95% CI, 10.0 to 26.8). The median duration of response was 171 days (5.6 months; range, 44 to 363 days), the median progression-free survival was 79 days (2.6 months; range, 1 to 453 days), and the median overall survival was 275 days (9.0 months; range, 15 to 826 days). The most common drug-related grades 3 to 4 toxicities were as follows: neutropenia, 64%; leukopenia, 18%; fatigue, 5%; peripheral neuropathy, 5%; and febrile neutropenia, 4%.


Eribulin demonstrated activity with manageable tolerability (including infrequent grade 3 and no grade 4 neuropathy) in heavily pretreated patients with MBC when dosed as a short IV infusion on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle.

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