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J Clin Oncol. 2009 Jun 10;27(17):2772-8. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.19.8002. Epub 2009 Apr 6.

Phase I study of ixabepilone, mitoxantrone, and prednisone in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with docetaxel-based therapy: a study of the department of defense prostate cancer clinical trials consortium.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of California San Franscisco, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1600 Divisadero St, Box 1711, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA. jonathan_rosenberg@dfci.harvard.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Mitoxantrone plus prednisone and ixabepilone each have modest activity as second-line chemotherapy in docetaxel-refractory castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients. Clinical noncrossresistance was previously observed.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Metastatic CRPC patients progressing during or after taxane-based chemotherapy enrolled in a phase I multicenter study of ixabepilone and mitoxantrone administered every 21 days along with prednisone. Ixabepilone and mitoxantrone doses were alternately escalated in a standard 3 + 3 design. Patients were evaluated for toxicity and disease response. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were defined as treatment related, occurring during cycle 1, and included grade 4 prolonged or febrile neutropenia, thrombocytopenia (grade 4 or grade 3 with bleeding), or > or = grade 3 nonhematologic toxicity.

RESULTS:

Thirty-six patients were treated; 59% of patients experienced grade 3/4 neutropenia. DLTs included grade 3 diarrhea (n = 1), prolonged grade 4 neutropenia (n = 4), and grade 5 neutropenic infection (n = 1). Due to prolonged neutropenia, the highest dose levels were repeated with pegfilgrastim on day 2 of each cycle. The maximum tolerated dose in combination with pegfilgrastim was not exceeded. The recommended phase II dose is mitoxantrone 12 mg/m2 and ixabepilone 35 mg/m2 every 21 days, pegfilgrastim 6 mg subcutaneously day 2, and continuous prednisone 5 mg twice per day. Thirty-one percent of patients have experienced > or = 50% prostate-specific antigen (PSA) declines, and two experienced objective responses. Of 21 patients treated with mitoxantrone 12 mg/m2 plus ixabepilone > or = 30 mg/m2, nine (43%) experienced > or = 50% PSA declines (95% CI, 22% to 66%).

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that the combination of ixabepilone and mitoxantrone is feasible and active in CRPC and requires dosing with pegfilgrastim.

PMID:
19349545
PMCID:
PMC2698016
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2008.19.8002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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