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Health Place. 2009 Sep;15(3):873-81. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.02.012. Epub 2009 Mar 10.

Residential segregation and health in Northern Ireland.

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1
UKCRC Centre of Excellence for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK. declanpfrench@hotmail.com

Abstract

Patterns of residential segregation in Northern Ireland reflect historic sectarian conflict as well as current animosities. A number of indices of segregation are examined in this paper and their relative merits in capturing localised societal divisions are discussed. The implications of such divisions on health as mediated through conflict-related stress are then considered. Costed datasets of hospital, community and anxiety/depression prescribing data have been assembled and attributed to local geographies. The association between geographical variations in these costs and levels of segregation was modelled using regression analysis. It was found that the level of segregation does not help to explain variations in costed utilisation of acute and elderly services but does explain variations in the costs of prescribing for anxiety and depression with controls for socio-economic deprivation included. Results in this paper would indicate that strategies to promote good relations in Northern Ireland have positive implications for mental health.

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