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J Chromatogr A. 2009 May 8;1216(19):4181-6. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2009.02.091. Epub 2009 Mar 5.

Performance comparison using the GUESS mixture to evaluate counter-current chromatography instruments.

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Dynamic Extraction Ltd., Slough, Berkshire, UK.


Comparing the performance of different counter-current chromatography (CCC) J-type centrifuges has and will always be difficult. This is due to the number of variables such as speed of rotation, swung radius, beta-value, column bore, column length that can be chosen during the design of an instrument. This situation is further complicated by the implication that some of these variables are intrinsically linked, such that if one is changed another or others can also change. The chromatographer has no influence on these hardware parameters once the instrument designer has chosen them. However, the chromatographer wants a CCC column that retains the most liquid stationary phase in order to achieve the best separation of the components in a mixture. What matters most is column performance in terms of: sample loading per injection, speed of separation, purity of target and yield of target. The instrument that has the best performance in all these areas is called a "high-performance" CCC system. This paper demonstrates to the modern chromatographer that a "high-performance" CCC instrument has shorter, lower volume columns that are rotated faster to provide quicker separations, even with the same sample loading.

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