Send to

Choose Destination
Oligonucleotides. 2009 Jun;19(2):191-202. doi: 10.1089/oli.2008.0162.

Selective protection of nuclease-sensitive sites in siRNA prolongs silencing effect.

Author information

Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia.


Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are considered as potent agents for specific gene silencing; however, nuclease sensitivity of siRNA limits their biomedical applications. Till date, no universal methodology has been developed to improve the nuclease resistance of siRNA, preserving low toxicity and high activity. In this study, we proposed an algorithm for the site-specific modification of siRNAs based on the mapping of their nuclease-sensitive sites in the presence of serum followed by the incorporation of 2'-O-methyl analogs of ribonucleotides at the identified positions of cleavage. We found that the protection of nuclease-sensitive sites considerably enhanced nuclease resistance of siRNA and only slightly reduced the efficiency of silencing. Modification of all nuclease-sensitive sites prolonged the duration of the silencing effect of the siRNA compared to nonmodified, partially modified, or randomly modified siRNA of the same sequence. This study showed that the targeted chemical modification of nuclease-sensitive sites could provide highly efficient siRNA-based therapeutics for the control of disease-related genes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center